Did you know Colonial Park Cemetery is the oldest intact cemetery in Savannah? It’s well worth a visit, too! The massive Southern live oaks are stunningly beautiful, and there’s plenty of history behind those spiky iron gates.

Like most places in Savannah, there’s more to the cemetery than meets the eye; it’s a land where hoodoo ceremonies were performed, graves desecrated, and bodies misplaced. Of course there are spiritual residents, too. (We are talking about Savannah, after all.)

A massive oak with sunlight illuminating Spanish moss and timeworn old headstones beneath it
It’s hauntingly beautiful, don’t you think? It almost looks like a painting when the sunlight streams through the Spanish moss.

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If you’re new around here, first of all…welcome! My name is Erin, and I authored the Savannah First-Timer’s Guide. I live in downtown Savannah, and I enjoy helping visitors plan their trips!

History of Colonial Park Cemetery

I know, I know…you want to get straight to the haunted parts, right? First, I’m going to tell you a little about the history of Colonial Park.

As I mentioned in the intro, it’s not actually the oldest cemetery in Savannah. However, it is the oldest intact cemetery that you can still visit.

Before it was a cemetery, Colonial Park was one Savannah’s earliest dueling grounds. That was during the 1740s — back when it was popular to shoot someone if you didn’t agree with them (an act still practiced by many modern-day Savannahians).

In early maps of the city, Savannah ended at Oglethorpe Avenue, aka: South Broad. That means Colonial Park Cemetery was originally located just outside the city limits.

The first burial in the cemetery was in 1750, so it’s where some of Savannah’s earliest settlers were laid to rest. Colonial Park stopped accepting internments before the Civil War, so you won’t find any Confederate soldiers buried within its gates.

Additional monikers for Colonial Park include The Old Cemetery, Christ Church Cemetery, South Broad Street Cemetery, and the Old Brick Graveyard.

A trio of headstones beneath an old oak covered in Spanish moss in Colonial Park Cemetery
I guess it was aptly nicknamed the Old Brick Graveyard since so many of the tombs were made of old bricks?

Savannah’s Original Cemetery

The city’s first public cemetery was actually located on York Street near the SW corner of Wright Square. There’s a small plaque marking the spot at 9 W York.

That original cemetery was used from 1733 to 1750, and then the land was converted to residential use. It was somewhat of a forgotten burial ground until the mid-1950s. That’s when a construction company doing work in the area dug up some bones and everyone suddenly remembered, “Oh yeah, that used to be a cemetery.”

It’s actually fairly common for construction crews to discover bones whenever any major groundbreaking occurs within the Historic District. That’s because homes, restaurants, shops, and squares were commonly built atop burial grounds.

It’s also why you often hear ghost tour guides say Savannah is “built on its dead”.

I even heard it through the grapevine (ah, that sounds so mysterious) that bones were discovered during the recent construction and revitalization along Broughton Street. Kinda wish I’d gotten a picture of that!

But I digress. Let’s get back to Colonial Park…

Yellow Fever Outbreaks

Savannah suffered from at least 15 yellow fever outbreaks, including three major ones in the years 1820, 1854, and 1876. The last was by far the worst, causing just over 1,000 deaths from the disease.

There were 666 casualties of the Great Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1820. However, since the faith-driven people of Savannah couldn’t have such an evil number permanently etched on a historic marker for all the tourists to see, the sign reads “nearly 700” deaths instead.

And now you know!

Does that mean the cemetery is evil? Doubtful. There have been way more than 666 bodies buried in Colonial Park through the years, that was simply the number of casualties the first outbreak claimed.

The cemetery stopped accepting internments in 1853, so fatalities from the 1854 and 1876 Yellow Fever outbreaks were buried in Laurel Grove North.

Historic marker denoting the Great Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1820
“Nearly 700″…because it’s taboo to have the number of the beast associated with a tourist attraction in Savannah!

Who is Buried in Colonial Park Cemetery?

It’s hard to tell! Savannahians have a long tradition of misplacing bodies. Here are a few of the notable names whose remains may or may not be in the cemetery…

  • Button Gwinnett (1735-1777) – He’s one of the original signers of the Declaration of Independence and a former acting Governor of Georgia. He lost a duel with Lachlan McIntosh and died a few days later. His body may or may not be located beneath its marker…it’s questionable.
  • Lachlan McIntosh (1725-1806) – I guess it’s true you can’t outrun death! Even though he didn’t die during the duel with Gwinnett, McIntosh eventually found his way into a grave located just steps away from his mortal enemy.
  • James Habersham (1712-1775) – Widely credited with bringing an end to the ban on slavery in Savannah, Habersham owned more than 200 enslaved individuals and made his fortune from his rice plantation. His three sons supported the American Revolution, but he was loyal to the Crown.
  • James Habersham Jr (1745-1799) – Ever dined at The Olde Pink House? The house was built for him, and his ghost reportedly still hangs out there!
  • John Habersham (1754-1799) – He was the third son of James Habersham, a US Congressman, customs agent, and owner of Bonaventure Plantation.
  • Joseph Habersham (1751-1815) – Another son of James Habersham, Joseph was mayor of Savannah and served as US Postmaster General under George Washington.
  • Archibald Bulloch (1730-1777) – Bulloch was the first governor of Georgia and great-great-grandfather to President Theodore Roosevelt.
Archibald Bulloch historic marker in Colonial Park Cemetery
Did Archibald Bulloch die of poisoning? My Magic 8 Ball says, “Signs point to yes.” The History Channel agrees.
Elaborate four-column grave marker for Button Gwinnett in Colonial Park Cemetery
Is Button Gwinnett’s body really under this marker? Like many bodies supposedly buried in Savannah’s cemeteries, no one knows for sure.
Bronze cemetery marker for Button Gwinnett in Colonial Park Cemetery
Notice how the marker says his remains “are believed to lie entombed hereunder”? That’s just a fancy way of saying, “we really have no clue”.
Historic marker for Nathanael Greene in Colonial Park Cemetery with an old brick tomb behind it

Is Colonial Park Cemetery Haunted?

Boy, is it!

Many say it’s one of the most haunted places in Savannah.

During the time it was in use, there were thousands of bodies buried in Colonial Park Cemetery. Trust me…I’ve seen the map!

There sure aren’t that many headstones there today, though.

Many of the headstones have been intentionally desecrated, broken, or stolen over time, and bodies have even been removed from their tombs.

People claim the cemetery is haunted because those buried within its grounds have been so disrespected through the years.

Duellist's Grave historic marker in Colonial Park Cemetery
Some genius planted the Duellist’s Historic Marker right atop a grave. There are also sprinkler systems, lamp posts, and electric boxes in the ground directly above where bodies are buried.

Desecrated Headstones in the Cemetery

When Union soldiers came through Savannah towards the end of the Civil War, many of them camped within the cemetery grounds. Rumor has it they got bored and took their frustrations out on some of the headstones by changing dates and altering inscriptions.

The’ve been blamed for much of the damage throughout the cemetery, because Savannahians will blame the Yankees for anything and everything they can. (Hehe…Im kidding!! Kinda.)

We are talking about Savannah, though. Shooters gonna shoot. Vandals gonna vandalize. You can’t blame everything on the Northerners.

My personal favorite section of the cemetery is along the eastern section where displaced markers are attached to an old brick wall. Look for William Coe’s marker and check his birthdate to see an example of an altered headstone.

We were taking pictures of the wall of tomb stones and walked up to a stone of a young man named Fredy. I took a picture of it, as we both found it interesting. We returned to our room and went over our day and the wonderful pictures we took. For some reason Fredy’s tombstone was not in our pics. We said we’d go back the next day and take another one. The next day we walked up and down that wall reading every tombstone and we could not find Fredy’s anywhere. No picture, no tombstone, but we both saw it the day before.

Lori M.S. via the Savannah First-Timer’s Guide private Facebook group
Red brick wall with numerous old white headstones propped against it
If you’re a photographer, this spot along the eastern wall makes for a great photo op!
A worn and cracked headstone from the early 1800s covered in moss in Colonial Park Cemetery
The headstones in Colonial Park are so beautiful! Love the mossy covering on this one.

The cemetery’s boundaries have diminished through the years, so you might be walking atop unmarked graves whenever you stroll along the sidewalks and roads surrounding the cemetery.

Punishment for Defacing Headstones

In case you’re curious to know the punishment for vandalism in a cemetery in mid-1850s Savannah, here’s what you could expect…(this info is straight from the Savannah City Ordinance at the time)

…all persons visiting any of the Cemeteries shall, whilst within the enclosures, conduct themselves in an orderly and correct manner, and any person behaving otherwise, or defacing any tomb, or headstones, or vaults, or enclosures, or trees, or otherwise injuring them, shall, if a white person, be fined in a fee not exceeding thirty dollars, and if a person of color, shall be subject to the same fine, or be punished with not exceeding thirty nine lashes.

1854 Savannah City Code, pg 41

In addition, by city ordinance, half of the collected fine would go to the city, while the other half would go to the informer (aka: the snitch).

About those Yankees…

This is a total side note, but there’s a billboard on a backroad near Coosawhatchie, SC, that reads “General Sherman & His Yankee Army: Terrorists | Arsonists | Thieves“. It’s been there for as long as I can remember, and I always roll my eyes when I see it.

Southerners know how to hold a grudge, y’all.

I don’t know who keeps shelling out the money year after year for that billboard, but someone needs to inform them that the War Between the States ended about six generations ago. As Elsa would say, “Let it go…”.


Ghosts in Colonial Park Cemetery

So, just who are the ghosts of the cemetery? Apparently there are quite a few. Some are named, while others are just random spirits who occasionally make their presence known — either in person, via EVP, or by showing up in the background of photos and videos.

We were walking the cemetery taking pics. When looking at our pics that evening there was a clear picture of a soldier in one of them. Neither of us saw a soldier walking around the cemetery that day.

Lori M.S. via my Savannah First-Timer’s Guide private Facebook Group

I always love hearing stories of paranormal experiences in Savannah! Even though I’m local, I still enjoy going on ghost tours to see what others experience while visiting the cemetery. The most recent one I tried was with Brigid, owner of The Witching Hour Paranormal Ghost Tours. It’s a very unique tour!

The Ghost of Rene Rondolier

Many of the tour guides like to tell the story of Rene Rondolier…

Rene was reportedly a large man — nearly seven feet tall — and is said to have murdered one (or more) young girls in Savannah.

The guides will tell you Rene wasn’t a very “gentle giant”. He was known for snapping the necks of small animals that he played with as a child, and that’s what got him into trouble as an adult.

When a young girl was discovered in Savannah with her neck snapped, the locals assumed Rene was the culprit, so they chased him down and then hanged him from a tree in the cemetery.

I, like many others, have searched historical newspaper sites and haven’t found a shred of evidence to those claims. If something so gruesome occurred, you’d think there would be newspaper accounts about it — even as far back as the 1800s. After all, there are written accounts of the story of Alice Riley, and her hanging occurred way back in 1735.

Whether it’s true or not, you can certainly try searching the cemetery for the ghost of a very tall man. Most “spotters” claim to see him hanging from a tree towards the south end of the cemetery.

The Jumping Boy

The jumping boy is one of the most well-known spirits ever captured on video in the cemetery. A teen named Jesse Greathouse was visiting from Ohio in December of 2008 when he took a stroll through Colonial Park with his family. He brought an inexpensive camcorder to record the experience.

Jesse captured video of a small child chasing after someone in the cemetery. The child leaps straight up in a tree that’s well above his head and then mysteriously drops down from the same tree moments later.

Here’s the jumping boy video, if you want to judge for yourself.

Someone debunked it, but it’s still fun to watch and wonder.

Hoodoo Rituals in the Cemetery

The Lowcountry has long been known as a place where root doctors work their magic. I’m originally from SC, so I love exploring St. Helena’s Island and Lady’s Island to visit the “land of conjurers”.

Dr. Buzzard, aka “Doctah’ Buzzard”, was the most legendary root doctor in the Lowcountry, but he passed away more than half a century ago. There are others who still do the work, but I wouldn’t post their names or locations here on the internet even if I could.

One must always respect the privacy of the root doctor.

Now…if a root doctor happened to track me down, I might request some chicken feet charms to hang by my doors. I’d love to ward off some of the evil spirits lurking near my house in Savannah.

If you’ve ever watched the movie version of “Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil”, then you’re probably familiar with Valerie Fennell Boles, aka: Minerva the Voodoo Priestess. She was from SC and worked as a root doctor throughout the Lowcountry. She helped Jim Williams to hex the outcome of his murder trials in Savannah.

Like most practitioners, Mrs. Boyles didn’t want her spirit captured on film, and she avoided most human contact. The actress Irma P. Hall played her in the movie, and only two known photos of Mrs. Boyles even exist.

It was common for root doctors to use Colonial Park Cemetery to do their work. That’s one of the most interesting aspects of the cemetery to me, so I’m sure I’ll write a more in-depth post about it at some point!

There are gates and hidden cameras around the cemetery to deter vandalism and prevent people from digging up grave dirt (known as “goofer dirt”) to use when casting spells — a common practice among root doctors.


Visiting Colonial Park Cemetery

Address: Colonial Park Cemetery | 200 Abercorn Street, Savannah, GA 31401

Hours:

  • 8 am to 8 pm: March through November
  • 8 am to 6 pm: December through February

Parking: The cemetery doesn’t have dedicated parking, so you’ll have to use metered parking on one of the surrounding streets. Download the Park Savannah app to make the process easier. If you park south of Liberty Street and visit after 5pm during the week or anytime on Saturday or Sunday, parking will be free.

Best Time of Year to Visit: I’m partial to springtime in the cemetery, but fall is also nice. The pops of color in the spring make for some really pretty photos.

Old headstones and Spanish moss dangling from oak trees in Colonial Park Cemetery with the roofline of a unique building in the background
Cemetery scene with old headstones, a lamppost, and Spanish moss dangling from the trees.

Related Reading: When is the Best Time of Year to Visit Savannah?

Other Cemeteries in Savannah GA

Want to explore more cemeteries in Savannah? In addition to Colonial Park, these are the most well-known options…

  • Bonaventure Cemetery
  • Laurel Grove North
  • Laurel Grove South
  • Greenwich Cemetery

Bonaventure is stunningly beautiful, but I definitely recommend a guided tour if you go. It’s so large it can be overwhelming.


Savannah Georgia Travel Guide

If you want to see the cemetery for yourself, my Savannah First-Timer’s Guide is the easiest way to plan your trip. It includes all of my best insider tips and most helpful advice. You’ll gain access to my private Facebook group when you buy it, so you can get personalized recommendations in the group.

Want to read more about the haunted side of Savannah? Here are a few posts that might interest you…

You might want to consider signing up for my email list, too. You’ll get a list of 50 Things To Do On-Foot in the Historic District — no car necessary!!


Do you have any questions or spooky tales to tell me about Colonial Park Cemetery? Let me know below, and I might add them to the post!

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Pinnable image of a cemetery scene with a gas lamp post in the foreground and old headstones and tombs in the background. Text overlay reads Historic Savannah Georgia Colonial Park Cemetery
Pinnable image of two cemetery scenes with headstones secured to an old brick wall and a historic marker about a Yellow Fever epidemic. Text overlay reads Savannah Historic District Colonial Park Cemetery
Pinnable image of three old headstones shaded by an old oak dripping with Spanish moss. Text overlay reads Hoodoo and Haunts in Colonial Park Cemetery

Sources: Chicora Foundation Research Series: Identification and Mapping of Historic Graves in Colonial Cemetery in Savannah, GA